The Prime Minister, Pedro Sánchez , will be in charge of opening the first part of the high-level segment of the 26th Climate Summit (known as COP26) in the British town of Glasgow on Monday .
That inaugural session will open the climate summit with speeches from nearly 130 heads of state and government, and Sánchez will be the first to speak in plenary as he is the leader of the host country for COP25, which was held in Madrid in 2019.
Joe Biden, at the G20 summit.
Biden says he is “disappointed” with China in its fight against climate crisis
Also on the list of speakers are the leaders of the United States (Joe Biden), the EU (Ursula von der Leyen), the European Council (Charles Michel), Germany (Angela Merkel), France (Emmanuel Macron) and Italy (Mario Draghi). ).
However, the presidents of China and Russia , Xi Jinping and Vladimir Putin, respectively, will not attend , so the Glasgow Climate Summit will be left without the interventions of the heads of two of the most polluting countries on the planet.
The interventions of the heads of State and Government are usually marked by commitments in the fight against climate change. As is customary in these appointments, the first week will be more technical with the presentation of scientific studies and thematic initiatives, while the diplomatic teams of the countries will work on the declarations and decisions that will be approved at the end of the Summit.
The second week will include a ministerial section in which the texts of the so-called ‘Glasgow package’ will be outlined. COP26 has an expected end date of November 12, but these meetings usually do not end on the day previously set.
The negotiators of the Climate Summit have on the table the need to “move from letter to action” to respond to the threats of the climate crisis, according to Valvanera Ulargui , director of the Spanish Office for Climate Change (OECC). ), in a virtual meeting with journalists.
Not surprisingly, the Secretary General of the UN, António Guterres, has defined as “code red for humanity” the latest report of the Intergovernmental Group of Experts on Climate Change (IPCC, for its acronym in English) and the climate commitments of the countries are far from meeting the Paris Agreement goal of not warming the planet more than 1.5 degrees from pre-industrial levels, as they leave the world on track to warming 2.7 degrees by the end of this century , according to the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP).
“We have to leave COP26 knowing that we are complying with the 1.5 degree objective and with the demands of vulnerable countries,” declared Ulargui. That translates into fewer greenhouse gas emissions and greater financial solidarity with the countries that suffer the most from climate impacts.
For example, more than 300 civil society organizations (including Amnesty International, Greenpeace, Oxfam, Climate Action Network and WWF) are calling for COP26 to guarantee a financing mechanism for loss and damage for countries most affected by the climate change. climate crisis, such as the small island states of the Pacific.
Another pending issue left by the COP25 in Madrid is to close the rule book of the Paris Agreement in terms of carbon markets (that is, that countries and companies exchange greenhouse gas emission credits), so that they are designed taking into account real emission reductions that do not depend on offsets and ‘junk credits’. That was the main stumbling block in the negotiations in Madrid and it is a complex issue that could Pedro Sánchez Opens The Climate Summit In Glasgow This Mondayremain in the pipeline.
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